Notes

Introduction


Some economists, sparked by an economics students' rebellion in France in 2000, are attempting to recreate a real economics. See "Post Autistic Economics. www.paecon.net"

Ban The Car

Bogus Alternatives

1. For insight into the realities of "alternatives" under the car hegemony, try New York's non-car users' site http://www.rightofway.org.
Among other things, they draw "crime scene" body outlines on the roads where pedestrians and cyclists are killed by cars.

Car Addiction

1. note "Die Religion ... ist das Opium des Volkes" can be translated as "religion is the opiate of the people." Karl Marx - Contribution to Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right 1843.

Car Culture

1. Premature car-culture triumphalism has made the relationship between real estate interests and car culture propaganda easier to demonstrate than might be expected. For instance one might explore the opinions and political activism of the California Association of Realtors, whose website has the revealing URL, http://www.car.org

2. A short summary of the conspiracy that destroyed the USA's urban trolleycar systems is available at http://www.verdant.net/natlcity.htm
. The whole story was explored in a film documentary called "Taken For A Ride". Which "Reveals the tragic, little known story of how the auto and oil industry, led by General Motors, dismantled electric streetcar lines nationwide and replaced them with diesel buses." Available from New Day Films - http://www.newday.com/films/Taken_for_a_Ride.html

Car Pollution

Collisions

1. "Tranquillisers a Driving Menace." - Stephen Luntz, pp.11, Australasian Science, Vol. 23, No.4 May 2002.

Cars and Law

1. Working for the Enemy: Ford, General Motors, and Forced Labor during the Second World War ( New York: Berghahn, 2000) - Reinhold Billstein, Karola Fings, Anita Kugler, and Nicholas Levis.

2. Profits über Alles! American Corporations and Hitler - Jacques R. Pauwels Le Travail No. 51 Spring 2003

3. Articles under collective heading - The oil industry and destruction of public transport.
Mayer D. Institutionalizing Overconsumption Culture... how ours has been twisted by economic values:
Chomsky N. National City Lines; the big guys close down public transport in the USA, Extract: 'Year 501'

Gosling A. Tearing up the Tracks, Public transport pulled apart to make way for death, pollution, stress..... and profit.
Gosling A. Blueprint for a Green London

4. Biographies of Sir Robert Risson: http://www.hawthorntramdepot.org.au/papers/risson.htm Or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Risson

Consumerism

Eco Critical Public Investment

Fiscal Black Hole

1. Worldwatch Institute, State of the World Report 1993 Ch. 7. Rediscovering Rail by Marcia D Lowe. Note 66 David Alan Aschauer, "Transportation Spending and Economic Growth: The Effects of Transit and Highway Expenditures" American Public Transit Association Washington DC Sept 1991.

Freedom Of The Road

1. see Mobility Culture: Copenhagen Declaration Text adopted during the Car Free Cities Annual General Meeting 1996 8 May 1996 Copenhagen

Global Danger

Infill Development

Landspace Economics

1.
In "The Road from Inequity" by Peter Mumford - for the Adam Smith Institute - (A privitisation-advocacy thinktank in Britain). It's dubious because pollution costs are minimised, it doesn't include appropriation of police and litigation resources, and it's definitely not true globally (Britain has comparatively high car taxing). While dubious in Britain, the statement is patently untrue in Australia. $14 Billion is collected in all taxes, and though a separate compulsory insurance scheme covers personal injuries from collisions; congestion alone is calculated at $13 Billion cost and infrastructure at $7 Billion cost per annum, without even approaching environmental costs. These figures are available as facts sheets from the Australian Government Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics
.

nt2
From RoadFacts 2000.
nt3
From RoadFacts 2000. As this includes all urban local roads, not just those in cities of 40000 or more population, it inflates the local road area a little, so this could reduce the rent figure slightly, further detail of stats is needed for an exact figure, but some other lack of detail reduces the figure in other stats, it might balance out.
nt4
width of space (2.6m) x length ((5.m) + access lane width (4m)) (measured in supermarket car-park Adelaide)
nt5
Excludes parking or traffic fines
nt6
2000 from ABS
nt7
estimate from curb to curb, not counting naturestrips or footpaths
nt8
estimate from random measurements
nt9
An estimate. Any stats on actual numbers would be welcome. These are "free" car park spaces that receive public subsidy through taxation or commercial subsidy (eg supermarket) through price structure, or residential cross subsidy through rents (from non drivers and drivers alike).
nt10
approx. 75% of national car fleet. Approx. 80% of pop that lives in cities of 40000 or more,
nt11
Value arbitrated as lower (2/3) than urban industrial average rent value, in consideration of the lower level proprietary rights and development; but not much lower in consideration of opportunity cost for excluding residential, retail, recreation and office use. Calculated from Real Estate Institute of Australia values. See Spreadsheet for details.
nt12
See, Nature of Ban, Public Transport to Displace Cars and Transport Displacement.
nt13
Multiply Arterial road length by Arterial road width
nt14
Multiply local road length by Local road width
nt15
Add Local and Arterial road areas
nt16
Multiply sum of Urban and Local Road Lengths by optimal road width
nt17
subtract optimal urban road area from actual urban road area
nt18
Multiply parking space area by ratio of parking spaces to cars, then multiply by urban car fleet numbers
nt19
extra road and car park area over and above optimal roadspace, area demanded exclusively by car culture and unnecessary otherwise,
nt20
divide car culture appropriation by car fleet numbers, this doesn't count any private space appropriated, paid parking or private driveways and garages
nt21
Multiply car culture appropriation by rent per m2.
nt22
(Space subsidy *100)/GDP
nt23
(Taxes*100)/Space Subsidy This would be a greater percentage if parking fines were included; but so far I've found no data on this (still looking). Ordinary paid parking space is not included in the subsidized space area.
nt24
Annual rent due divided by Urban Car fleet.
nt25
Annual rent due divided by Australian population. Amount paid by every person in Australia to subsidize the privileged access to space of urban car drivers.
nt26
Amount each urban car culture member doesn't pay for space appropriation they exclusively access, to other's detriment.

Mobility Culture

Nature Of Ban

Oil Crisis Economics

1. Most data from "The Decline of the Age of Oil" by Brian J Fleah. Pluto Press Australia. 1995.

Reaction to a Ban

Real Alternative Transport

Social

Space Issues

Strategy Of Ban

1. NSW Royal Motorist Association driver opinion survey NSW Australia 1997.

Tragedy of the Commons

1. Initiated by an article by Garrit Hardin in 1968 "The Tragedy of the Commons". Copy of original article at. http://dieoff.com/page95.htm

Transit Systems to Displace Cars

Transport Displacement

 

last Revised 2009-07-09 JM

Ban the Car

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